Research on Pest and Pathogen of green Plantings of Tbilisi, Georgia
Raktažodžiai:Platanus orientalis, Buxus colchica, pest insect, disease
Environment protection is a very difficult and important problem and it covers many interconnected aspects. Among these aspects green planting management of a modern city is to be mentioned. Since green plantings are a sort of “lungs” of a city, therefore, especially today it is important to protect them from damage by pests and diseases. Our aim was to carry out a pathological research on green plantings of Tbilisi and to estimate a condition of the most common plants on this territory. With this end in view it was necessary to study the species composition of the pests (insects and diseases) on plants in Tbilisi plantings (parks, squares and roadside areas). The pathological monitoring of plants has been carried out in various districts of Tbilisi; visual observation has established that the plants of planes and box tree were the most damaged species. The detailed research also has revealed the pests: sycamore bug Corythucha ciliata and box tree moth Cydalima perspectalis. The bushes of box tree also were diseased by the phytopathogen organisms Volutella buxi and Alternaria alternata. Frequency of spread of plant pests and diseases, their pathological status, and condition have been studied.
Ardacenova, A. (1888). About harmful insects in horticulture of Tiflisi in 1886-1888 years. Proceedings of Caucasus agriculture, 9–12.
Baranchikov, U., Bobrinski, A., Golubev, A., et al. (2014). Methods of forest pest and diseases monitoring. Manual Volume III. Moscow.
Gigauri, G. (2000). The Biodiversity of Georgia Forest. Tbilisi: Raritet.
Gninenko, U. and Supatashvili, A. (2008). Revealing of Corythucha ciliate Say and recommendations for it’s control. Booklet. Tbilisi.
Halbert, S. E. and Meeker, J. R. (2001). Sycamore Lace Bug, Corythucha ciliate (Say) (Insecta: Hemiptera: Tingidae). Internet link: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/237818435_Sycamore_Lace_Bug_Corythucha_ciliata_Say_Insecta_Hemiptera_Tingidae1
Kenis, M., Nacambo, S., and Haye, T. (2013). The box tree moth,Cydalima perspectalis, in Europe: Horticultural pest or environmental disaster? Aliens, 33, 38–41.
Khadjibeili, I. (1955). Defoliator of plane tree and methods of it’s control at parks of Tbilisi and outskirts. Vestnik of Tbilisi Botanical garden, 62, 223–228.
Khadjibeili, I. (1956). Melosoma populi L. and methods of it’s control at parks of East Georgia. Vestnik of Tbilisi Botanical garden, 63, 193–195.
Kurashvili, B. E. (1983). The complexes of insects and mites of trees and bushes of the city of Tbilisi. Tbilisi.
Lozovoi, D. (1941). Materials of harmful entomophauna in forest of Georgia. Proceedings of Zool, 3, 191–207.
Lozovoi, D. (1948). Pests of woody tree species in Tbilisi, 9(4)., 5.
Lozovoi, D. (1949). Woody and bush species at forest of Khudadovi and firmness against pest insects. Vestnic of Botanical garden in Tbilisi, 220–237.
Lozovoi, D. (1954). Aspect on outbreaks of insect pests in forest and squares of Caucasus, 7(5), 41–42.
Lozovoi, D. (1957). About pest insects of forest and green plantings, 64, 71–81.
Lozovoi, D. (1961). Beetles of coniferous stands in forest and green plantings of Georgia, 67, 91–113.
Nacambo, S. (2012). Parasitisme, développement, modèle climatiqueet impact de Cydalima perspectalis en Europe. MSc thesis. Switzerland: University of Neuchâtel.
Pericart, J. (1983). Hemipteres Tingitidae Euro-Mediterraneens. Fauna france, 69, 618.
Seperteladze, M. (1968). Phauna beetles and defoliators in Tbilisi and it’s outskirts. In Materials about phauna of Georgia, I, 36–45.
Sinadsky, U. et al. (1982). Handbook of pests and diseases of ornamental plants and their control. Moscow.
Stepanov, M. and Chumakov, A. (1972). Prognosis of diseases of Agricultural crops. Leningrad.
Tcholokava, A. (1968). Beetles (Coleoptera, Attelabidae and Curculionidae). In Phauna of outskirts of Tbilisi, 77–108.
Tskhvedadze, L., Kereselidze, M. and Shevardnadze, Z. (2017). Dangerous pest of box tree – Buxus colchica in Georgia. Journal Quarantine and plant protection, 48–49.
Tubby, K. and Pérez-Sierra, A. (2015). Pests and pathogen threats to plane (Platanus) in Britain. Arboricultural Journal, 37(2), 85–98.
Voigt, K. (2001). The first Russian record of Corythucha ciliate (Say) from Krasnodar (Heteroptera, Tingitidae). Zoosystematica Rossica, 10(1), 76.
Wan, H., Haye, T., Kenis, M., Nacambo, S., Xu, H., Zhang, F. & Li, H. (2014). Biology and natural enemies of Cydalima perspectalis in Asia: Is there biological control potential in Europe? Journal of Applied Entomology, 1–8.
Zhizhilashvili, T. (1947). Study of phauna of decorative and outskirt plantings of Tbilisi. Proceedings of Inst. Zoology, 7, 147–164.
Zhizhilashvili, T. (1952). Materials on plane tree moth. Proceeding of AN of Georgia, 8, 469–476.